top of page

Formation of ISRO: Pioneering India's Journey to the Stars

Astronaut Kalpana Chawla experiencing microgravity during training | The Learning Media
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is a beacon of scientific and technological achievement, propelling India into the global space arena. Founded by visionary scientists and propelled by the determination of a young nation, ISRO's journey is a testament to India's commitment to harnessing space technology for the betterment of society. In this detailed article, we explore the formation of ISRO, its key founders, major milestones, and its remarkable journey through the years, with references to credible sources.

Prelude: India's Early Space Exploration Efforts

India's foray into space exploration began in the early 1960s with the establishment of the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962. Under the leadership of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, a visionary physicist and space scientist, INCOSPAR laid the foundation for India's space program. Dr. Sarabhai's passion for science and commitment to using space technology for the benefit of society were instrumental in setting the stage for the formation of ISRO.

The Birth of ISRO

On August 15, 1969, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) came into being. It was a landmark moment for India's scientific community and signified the government's official commitment to space research. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, often regarded as the father of India's space program, was named its first chairman. Dr. Sarabhai's unwavering vision and leadership were crucial in laying the foundation for ISRO's journey.

Key Founders and Visionaries

  • Dr. Vikram Sarabhai: A pioneering space scientist, Dr. Sarabhai's visionary leadership was pivotal in establishing ISRO. He saw the potential of space technology in addressing societal challenges and initiated India's space program.

  • Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Known as the "Missile Man of India," Dr. Kalam made significant contributions to India's space and defense programs. He played a key role in developing India's first satellite launch vehicle.

  • Dr. Homi J. Bhabha: Dr. Bhabha was a renowned nuclear physicist and one of the pioneers of India's nuclear and space programs. He played a crucial role in laying the groundwork for INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), which eventually led to the formation of ISRO.

These visionaries, along with a dedicated team of scientists, engineers, and researchers, collaborated to establish ISRO and shape India's space journey. Their efforts set the stage for the organization's success and its significant contributions to space exploration, satellite technology, and space research.

Milestones in ISRO's Journey

  1. Aryabhata: In 1975, ISRO successfully launched its first satellite, Aryabhata, marking a significant milestone in India's space program.

  2. Rohini Satellite Series: The Rohini series of satellites, launched in the 1980s, played a crucial role in developing indigenous satellite technology.

  3. SLV and SLV-3: The successful launch of the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) in 1980 and SLV-3 in 1983 marked India's entry into the global space launch market.

  4. PSLV and GSLV: The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) have been workhorses for ISRO, launching a multitude of satellites into space.

  5. Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan): In 2013, India achieved a major milestone by successfully placing its spacecraft in Mars' orbit, becoming the fourth space agency in the world to do so.

  6. Chandrayaan Missions: ISRO's Chandrayaan-1 (2008) and Chandrayaan-2 (2019) missions aimed to explore the Moon and enhance our understanding of lunar geology and mineral resources.

ISRO's Enduring Legacy

Today, ISRO stands as a symbol of India's scientific and technological progress, known for its cost-effective yet highly efficient space missions. It has played a pivotal role in areas such as communication, earth observation, navigation, and space exploration. As ISRO continues to achieve new milestones, its journey remains a source of inspiration and pride for the nation. The legacy of its visionary founders, coupled with the dedication of its scientists and engineers, ensures that ISRO's journey to the stars continues to shine brightly on the global stage.



  1. "Vikram Sarabhai: A Life" by Amrita Shah - This comprehensive biography provides a detailed account of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai's life, his pioneering contributions to the Indian space program, and the vision that led to the formation of ISRO.

  2. "Homi Bhabha and the Computerization of ISRO" by Dr. R.R. Navalgund - This research paper discusses the role of Dr. Homi J. Bhabha in the early days of ISRO and his efforts to promote computerization in space research.

  3. "Wings of Fire" by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam - In this autobiography, Dr. Kalam shares his personal journey and his contributions to India's space and missile programs, providing insights into the early days of ISRO.

  4. ISRO Official Website - The official website of ISRO offers a wealth of information on the organization's history, milestones, and key people who have contributed to its success.



Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
The Learning Media |  A Gurugrah Enterprise
  • Instagram
  • Linkedin
  • Twitter
  • Whatsapp

With The Blessings Of Gurus.

© The Learning Media | A Gurugrah Enterprise

bottom of page